Parental behavior is crucial to normal and abnormal development. Personality and mental health problems in adulthood can usually be traced back to the first five years. Sources of pleasure are determined by the location of the libido life-force. As a child moves through different developmental stagesthe location of the libido, and hence sources of pleasure, change Freud,
Most, though not all, theories will fall into one of four types: Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic theories were proposed by some of the more well-known researchers into the human mind and behavior, including Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. These theories attempt to understand behavior by looking at the unconscious A personality theory is an attempt at explaining behavior, including how different types of behavior arise and which patterns can be observed.
These theories attempt to understand behavior by looking at the unconscious mind and its desires, which are said to impact how people live their lives. The unconscious mind develops its characteristics through early childhood experiences, social pressures, and subconscious needs for self-realization and superiority.
Humanistic Humanistic theories see inherent desires for actualization and satisfaction of needs as driving forces behind behavior. Trait Trait theories look to identify specific traits that form the basis for personality and behavior types.
Different models and catalogs of traits have been proposed, and different personality types can be understood through different arrangements of traits within individuals. Social Cognitive Social cognitive theories see personality as the result of observational learning, through which an individual observes others and consciously chooses to pursue behavior that is rewarded or avoid behavior that is punished.
This type of learning can best occur if the individual has a high level of confidence in his or her abilities, resulting in greater motivation to accomplish tasks.The 4 Major Personality Perspectives.
Share Flip Email Search the site GO. More in Theories Personality Psychology Behavioral Psychology Biological Psychology Cognitive Psychology Neo-Freudian theorists, including Erik Erikson, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler and Karen Horney.
Whilst the four humors may not determine personality, subsequent theories provide genetic and neurochemical explanations of human behavior.
Moreover, some modern theories of personality, such as the five-factor model, recognize traits which to some extent resemble the temperaments of . Abstract This essay includes an overview study of four personality theorists. The works of B.F.
Skinner, Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, and Erik Erikson have all been explored to gain insight into the human psyche. Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.
It is a scientific study which aims to show how people are individually different due to psychological forces.
. Some of the most famous figures in the history of psychology left a lasting mark on the field of personality. In order to better understand the different theories of personality, it can be helpful to learn more about the lives, theories, and contributions to the psychology of these eminent psychologists.
Psychoanalytic theory approaches personality from a viewpoint that is very different from that of trait theory.
Trait theorists try to find the stable dimensions of personality by studying groups of people, and much of their data is derived from self-reports-what the individual says about himself.