Barred from public office in Florence as an insolvent debtor, Bernardo lived frugally, administering his small landed property near the city and supplementing his meagre income from it with earnings from the restricted and almost clandestine exercise of his profession. He learned Latin well and probably knew some Greek, and he seems to have acquired the typical humanist education that was expected of officials of the Florentine Chancery. In a letter to a friend inMachiavelli writes of listening to the sermons of Girolamo Savonarola —98a Dominican friar who moved to Florence in and in the s attracted a party of popular supporters with his thinly veiled accusations against the government, the clergy, and the pope. On May 24,Savonarola was hanged as a heretic and his body burned in the public square.
Further Readings about the Author Personal Information: Also Nicolo, Niccholo, and Nicolas; also Machiavegli, Machiavello, and Machiavel Italian essayist, dramatist, historian, sketch writer, biographer, dialogist, writer of novellas, and poet. Born May 3,in Florence, Italy; died of illness; June 21,in Florence, Italy; son of a doctor of laws; married Marietta Corsini, ; children: Studied Latin under various tutors.
Essayist, dramatist, historian, sketch writer, biographer, dialogist, writer of novellas, and poet. Statesman and political theorist. Assisted in deposition of Girolamo Savonarola, ; appointed to the second chancery of the republic, beginning in ; Ten of Liberty and Peace government agencychancellor and secretary; removed from office, jailed, and tortured by the Medici family when Spanish forces invaded Italy in ; appointed official historian of Florence, E di Lucretia comedyc.
Discorsi di Nicolo Machiavelli La vita di Castruccio Castracani da Lucca Also, the Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca. Tutte le opere storiche e litterarie di Niccolo Machiavelli treatises, history, dramas, biography, prose, and poetry The Chief Works and Others treatises, history, dramas, biography, and prosethree volumes, While addressing a wide range of political and historical topics, as well as embracing strictly literary forms, he has come to be identified almost exclusively with his highly controversial manual of state Il principe The Prince.
This straightforward, pragmatic treatise on political conduct and the application of power has, over the centuries, been variously hailed, denounced, and distorted. Seldom has a single work generated such divergent and fierce commentary from such a wide assortment of writers.
Commenting on Machiavelli's colorful critical heritage, T. Eliot has remarked that no great man has been so completely misunderstood.
BIOGRAPHY Machiavelli was born in Florence to an established though not particularly affluent middle-class family whose members had traditionally filled responsible positions in local government. While little of the author's early life has been documented, it is known that as a boy he learned Latin and that he quickly became an assiduous reader of the ancient classics.
Among these, he highly prized his copy of Livy's history of the Roman Republic. Machiavelli's first recorded involvement in the volatile Florentine political scene occurred inwhen he helped the political faction that deposed Girolamo Savonarola, then the dominant religious and political figure in Florence.
In the same year Machiavelli was appointed to the second chancery of the republic. As chancellor and secretary to the Ten of Liberty and Peace, a sensitive government agency dealing chiefly with warfare and foreign affairs, Machiavelli participated both in domestic politics and in diplomatic missions to foreign governments.
These posts afforded him innumerable opportunities over the next fourteen years to closely examine the inner workings of government and to meet prominent individuals, among them Cesare Borgia, who furnished the young diplomat with the major profile in leadership for The Prince.
Machiavelli quickly gained political prominence and influence; by he was a well-respected assistant to the republican gonfalonier, or head of state, Piero Soderini.
InSpanish forces invaded Italy and the Florentine political climate changed abruptly. The Medici for centuries the rulers of Florence, but exiled since seized the opportunity to depose Soderini and replace the republican government with their own autocratic regime.
Machiavelli was purged from office, jailed and tortured for his well-known republican sentiments, and finally banished to his country residence in Percussina. Machiavelli spent the enforced retirement writing the small body of political writings that insured his literary immortality.
Completed between andDiscorsi Livius and The Prince were not published until after Machiavelli's death, in and respectively. Around he turned from discursive prose to drama in La mandragola Mandragola ; it, like the author's other writings, is firmly predicated on an astute, unsentimental awareness of human nature as flawed and given to self-centeredness.
The play was popular with audiences throughout much of Italy for several years. His next effort, a military treatise published in and entitled Libro della arte della guerra The Art of Warwas the only historical or political work published during the author's lifetime.
Meanwhile, Machiavelli had made several attempts to gain favor with the Medici including dedicating The Prince to Lorenzo.During Machiavelli's life the Italian peninsula was a scene of intense political conflict involving the dominant city - states of Florence, Milan, Venice, and Naples, plus the Papacy, France, Spain, and the Holy Roman Empire.
Niccolo Machiavelli biography and related resources. Niccolò Machiavelli (May 3, - June 21, ) was a Florentine political philosopher of the Renaissance. Historical significance Machiavelli is the key figure in the realistic political theory of the Renaissance and crucial to later political philosophy and political science.
Niccolò Machiavelli was born in Florence on May 3, , to Bernardo and Bartolomea. Though the family had formerly enjoyed prestige and financial success, in . Learn about how Niccolo Machiavelli became one of the most influential political theorists of Western philosophy. Niccolò Machiavelli's Life, Philosophy & .
Feb 27, · November 30, - Mr. Viroli talked about his book Niccolo’s Smile: A Biography of Machiavelli, published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Mr. While in San Casciano, Machiavelli wrote also a number of treatises on politics and history, including a treatise on war (), a recount of the life of the condottiero Castruccio Castracani (), a history of Florence ().