A look at the four philosophies of education

The wisdom of Native Elders is contained in the Seven Philosophies and is offered to Native American men so that they may be better fathers, sons, husbands, uncles, relatives, friends, Tribal members and citizens of the countries in which they live.

A look at the four philosophies of education

Montessori Philosophy This approach, developed by Maria Montessori in Rome in the early s, is child-centered, with teachers serving as guides.

While there is a focus on academics, the distinguishing feature is that children learn at their own pace. There are special Montessori toys called manipulatives that are self-corrective; this means that a child knows if they assembled a puzzle correctly, for example, based on the toy fitting together, not because someone showed the child how to do it.

This allows the older children to serve as role models for the younger ones, and also exposes children to different ages. Children generally have the same teacher for those three years, allowing close teacher-student relationships to develop.

A look at the four philosophies of education

The mixed-age aspect also encourages older children to help the younger children, which helps build their self-esteem. Jennifer Lucas, who chose Montessori for her daughters, ages five and three, likes the structure of the program and how children learn to work quietly and independently at a task.

She also likes the mixed-age setup, although it took her oldest daughter time to adjust to being the oldest in the class.

All of the sudden, most of her friends had moved on and she had not. Waldorf Philosophy If you find a Waldorf school, you can trust that it is true to the Waldorf philosophy, since each school and all of its teachers must be Waldorf certified.

This play-based approach is characterized by a predictable structure, providing children with a dependable routine, such as certain days of the week for set activities like baking or gardening, as well as mixed-age classrooms with the same teacher for multiple years.

There is also an emphasis on cooperation, and the setting generally appears like a home—warm and friendly, with wooden toys and natural materials. What stands out about Waldorf is its stance against traditional grading systems and exclusion of media in the curriculum.

Waldorf does not include media computers, videos or electronics of any kind and also does not involve academics, which means no homework, tests, handouts or even desks. Children are introduced to formal reading skills in the first grade. Reggio Emilia Philosophy Although you may not come across many Reggio Emilia schools, there are many Reggio Emilia-inspired schools based on the approach developed in the s in the town of Reggio Emilia in northern Italy.

About Charlotte Mason

After World War II, the community, along with schoolteacher Loris Malaguzzi, came together to develop schools that would help children become better citizens.

Reggio Emilia schools are known for a project-based approach, which many preschool programs have borrowed.

In a project-based curriculum, lessons are based on the interest of the students. Children learn all about cooperation through the many projects, particularly how to solve problems and resolve conflicts.

A coop preschool may subscribe to one or more philosophies, but there is generally an emphasis on cooperation and resolving conflicts. Parents help run the school and help out in the classroom, working closely with the teachers.

They are able to see their children in the learning environment and can develop partnerships with the teachers. Laura Lewis Brown caught the writing bug as soon as she could hold a pen. For several years, she wrote a national online column on relationships, and she now teaches writing as an adjunct professor.

She lives in Baltimore with her husband and three young children, who give her a lot of material for her blog, EarlyMorningMom.As you search for the best preschool for your child you’ll need to consider the school’s philosophy or approach.

Learn about the most prevalent preschool philosophies to help you choose a. The Four Worlds of Sustainability 6 Consider, for example, this artistic rendition below of Water, as seen through the four quadrants. The Upper-Left quadrant (UL) . The philosophy of education examines the goals, forms, methods, and meaning of grupobittia.com term is used to describe both fundamental philosophical analysis of these themes and the description or analysis of particular pedagogical approaches.

Considerations of how the profession relates to broader philosophical or sociocultural contexts may be included. Oct 18,  · Abstract The education philosophy can be broken down into four main schools of thought: Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism and Existentialism. Each school of thought has at least one philosopher who would be considered the forerunner of the school.

This article explains the four major foundations of curriculum and their importance in education. Examples are provided to stress the importance of curriculum in the academe. Immanuel Kant: Aesthetics.

Immanuel Kant is an 18th century German philosopher whose work initated dramatic changes in the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, and teleology.

Like many Enlightenment thinkers, he holds our mental faculty of reason in high esteem; he believes that it is our reason that invests the world we experience with structure.

A look at the four philosophies of education
Seven Philosophies for the Native American Man