The 95 Theses A Summary of the 95 Theses Martin Luther wrote his 95 theses in as a protest against the selling of indulgences. After he sent a copy of the theses to Albert of Mainz who sent a copy to Pope LeoLuther continued to write, elaborating on the issues raised. The Sale of Indulgences He makes three main points in his 95 theses. Here they are, in his own words:
Ninety-five Theses The first thesis has become famous. It states, "When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, 'Repent,' he willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance. The pope can only announce God's forgiveness of Luther 95 theses summary guilt of sin in his name.
Theses 14—16 discuss the idea that the punishment of purgatory can be likened to the fear and despair felt by dying people. He denies that the pope has any power over people in purgatory in theses 25 and In theses 27—29, he attacks the idea that as soon as payment is made, the payer's loved one is released from purgatory.
He sees it as encouraging sinful greed, and says it is impossible to be certain because only God has ultimate power in forgiving punishments in purgatory. Since no one knows whether a person is truly repentant, a letter assuring a person of his forgiveness is dangerous.
In theses 35 and 36, he attacks the idea that an indulgence makes repentance unnecessary. This leads to the conclusion that the truly repentant person, who alone may benefit from the indulgence, has already received the only benefit the indulgence provides.
Truly repentant Christians have already, according to Luther, been forgiven of the penalty as well as the guilt of sin.
Theses 39 and 40 argue that indulgences make true repentance more difficult. True repentance desires God's punishment of sin, but indulgences teach one to avoid punishment, since that is the purpose of purchasing the indulgence. Here he begins to use the phrase, "Christians are to be taught They should be taught that giving to the poor is incomparably more important than buying indulgences, that buying an indulgence rather than giving to the poor invites God's wrath, and that doing good works makes a person better while buying indulgences does not.
In theses 48—52 Luther takes the side of the pope, saying that if the pope knew what was being preached in his name he would rather St.
Peter's Basilica be burned down than "built up with the skin, flesh, and bones of his sheep.
He states that everyday Christians do not understand the doctrine and are being misled. For Luther, the true treasure of the church is the gospel of Jesus Christ.
This treasure tends to be hated because it makes "the first last",  in the words of Matthew The preachers have been promoting indulgences as the greatest of the graces available from the church, but they actually only promote greed.
He points out that bishops have been commanded to offer reverence to indulgence preachers who enter their jurisdiction, but bishops are also charged with protecting their people from preachers who preach contrary to the pope's intention.
Luther states that indulgences cannot take away the guilt of even the lightest of venial sins. He labels several other alleged statements of the indulgence preachers as blasphemy: He presents these as difficult objections his congregants are bringing rather than his own criticisms.
How should he answer those who ask why the pope does not simply empty purgatory if it is in his power?The Ninety-five Theses or Disputation on the Power of Indulgences is a list of propositions for an academic disputation written in by Martin Luther, professor of moral theology at the University of Wittenberg, Germany, that started the Reformation, a schism in the Catholic Church which profoundly changed Europe.
Find out more about the history of Martin Luther and the 95 Theses, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.
Get all the facts on grupobittia.com Oct 29, · Watch video · The 95 Theses were quickly distributed throughout Germany and then made their way to Rome. In , Luther was summoned to Augsburg, a city in southern Germany, to defend his opinions before an.
Luther’s “95 Theses” became highly sought after by the populace and were soon translated into German for the common people to read.
The printing press then enabled the wide distribution of the Theses, provoking in the people more disenchantment with the ways of the Catholic Church. 2 THE 95 THESES by Martin Luther 1.
When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, “Repent” (Mt ), he willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance.
Summary of Martin Luther’s 95 Theses. In Thesis 5, Luther states that the Pope does not have the authority to forgive sins, and demonstrates that Tetzel’s indulgences are invalid.
In Theses 36 and 37, he proclaims that if people are truly repentant, they will be forgiven and have no need for letters of pardon.