All you need is an easy topic. And if you are looking for problem solution persuasive speech topics for college students—congrats! You can easily use one of the prompts listed below.
Looking at a specific system, recognizing the underlying pattern, and describing the general pattern in terms of the specific system constitutes command of the vocabulary of systems, reading systems, and writing systems—that is, systems literacy. A person with basic systems literacy should be fluent with these patterns: An example may help.
Consider a toilet and a thermostat, quite different in form, mechanism, and domain. The first deals with water and waste; while the second deals with energy and heat.
Yet the toilet and thermostat are virtually the same in function. The first governs the water level in a cistern; while the second governs temperature in a room. Each system measures a significant variable, compares it to a set-point, and if the measurement is below the set point, the system activates a mechanism to increase the water level or the temperature until the set point is reached.
The underlying general pattern is a negative feedback loop. Recognizing the negative feedback loop pattern is a mark of systems literacy. This diagram describes the general form of a negative feedback loop.
It applies to toilets, thermostats, and other governors. But text descriptions require mental gymnastics from readers—imagining both the behavior of the system and the abstract functional pattern—and then Proposing a solution research paper the two.
Images of physical systems aid readers, though behavior can be difficult to depict. Functions are often represented in diagrams with some degree of formalism.
Learning to read and write one or more systems function formalism is an important part of systems literacy. Donella Meadows has a particular formalism.
Otto Mayr has a block diagram formalism. Yet in many cases, simple concept maps may be all the formalism required. The value of rendering—of making visible—the often invisible functioning of systems can be quite high for teams who are developing and managing new products and services.
Mapping systems can uncover differences in mental models, create shared understanding, and point to opportunities for improvement and other insights.
In short, systems literacy can help us manage messes. How do we achieve systems literacy? Teaching systems in design school is not a new idea.
Today, all graduate design programs should have courses in systems literacy—as should undergraduate programs in emerging fields such as information design, interaction design, and service design and cross-disciplinary programs such as programs in innovation, social entrepreneurship, and design studies.
Even traditional design programs such as product design, communication design, and architecture would benefit from courses in systems literacy, especially as their students begin to grapple with an increasingly networked world.
Still, reading Meadows is a good start. One course, 3 hours per week for 15 weeks is a bare minimum for a survey of systems thinking.
Ideal would be three, semester-long courses: Learning systems literacy is like learning a new language. Very few people can learn Spanish simply by reading a book about it. Even learning a new programming language like Ruby is aided by experimentation; that is the purpose of writing hello-world programs and similar introductory exercises.
Practice and immersion are also very important in learning a new language. And so it is for systems literacy. Thus, systems literacy courses should be organized to combine reading papers and books and discussing them with making artifacts and discussing them —in a format that blends seminar and studio.
A class might begin by examining the front page of any newspaper to identify systems that are mentioned that day. Students might work in pairs or small teams to quickly map a system. Presentation and discussion of the maps creates opportunities to talk about mapping techniques, underlying structures, and common patterns.
Reviewing common patterns via canonical diagrams is an important part of any systems literacy course. Students should participate in in-class exercises to apply the patterns to specific systems suggested by the teacher. Then, as homework, students should again apply the patterns to systems they identify, creating their own system maps.Supporting high quality research by the nation's leading scientists and engineers to improve EPA's scientific basis for decisions on national environmental issues.
The one-state solution, sometimes also called a bi-national state is a proposed approaches to resolving the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Proponents of a unified Israel advocate a single state in Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, with citizenship and equal rights in the combined entity for all inhabitants of all three territories, without regard to ethnicity or religion.
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