Huntington asserts that the fall of Berlin Wall in had marked a new beginning in the history of international politics.
Simon and Schuster, Prior to the end of the Cold War, societies were divided by ideological differences, such as the struggle between democracy and communism. Huntington's main thesis argues, "The most important distinctions among peoples are [no longer] ideological, political, or economic.
They are cultural" New patterns of conflict will occur along the boundaries of different cultures and patterns of cohesion will be found within the cultural boundaries. A World of Civilizations To begin his argument, Huntington refutes past paradigms that have been ineffective in explaining or predicting the reality of the global political order.
Huntington develops a new "Civilization paradigm" to create a new understanding of the post-Cold War order, and to fill the gaps of the already existing paradigms. To begin with, Huntington divides the world into eight "major" civilizations: Includes Vietnam and Korea.
Japanese culture as distinctively different from the rest of Asia. Arab, Turkic, Persian and Malay are among the many distinct subdivisions within Islam.
Separate from Western Christendom. Central and South American countries with a past of a corporatist, authoritarian culture. Majority of countries are of a Catholic majority. Following the explanations of the separate civilizations in the new paradigm, Huntington describes the relations among civilizations.
Huntington argues that research and technology are the catalyst for civilization creation and development. Twentieth century relations among civilizations have moved beyond the unidirectional influence of the west on the rest.
Instead, "multidirectional interactions among all civilization" has been maintained In other words, cultural influence is interdependent; western civilizations influence and are influenced by smaller, less powerful civilizations around the world.
Huntington then refutes the idea of a Western cultural hegemony and the concept of an established universal civilization. He states that "global communications are dominated by the West" and is "a major source of the resentment and hostility of non-Western peoples against the West" The notion of a single, universal culture is not helpful creating an explanation or a description of global political order.
However, Huntington also argues that as modernization increases cross-cultural communication, the similarities among cultures also increase. The key to this chapter is Huntington's severance of modernization from Westernization.
While the world is becoming more modern, it is simultaneously becoming less Western, an idea he expands upon in part two of the book. The Shifting Balance of Civilizations Huntington starts this section by arguing that Western power and influence is fading.
There are contrasting views on the West's hold on power. One side argues that the West sill has a monopoly on technological research and development, military strength, and economic consumption.
The other side argues that the relative power and influence of Western countries is declining. Huntington adopts the latter view and describes three characteristics of the Western decline: The current Western decline is a very slow process and is not an immediate threat to World powers today.
Decline of power does not occur in a straight line; it may reverse, speed up, or pause.The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order [Samuel P. Huntington] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The classic study of post-Cold War international relations, more relevant than ever in the post-9/11 world. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order - Kindle edition by Samuel P.
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The Clash of Civilizations Thesis (Huntington) "principle conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations". Huntington's Definition of "Civilization" "highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity people have short of that which distinguishes them from other species.".
When looking at the world’s forests, one finds a depletion of natural resources; “The net loss of the global forest area (deforestation plus reforestation) in the last decade of the 20th century was about 94 million hectares (, square miles), the equivalent of percent of total world forests.
The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations is a book written by political scientist Samuel P.
grupobittia.com the book, Huntington advances the theory of objective civilian control, according to which the optimal means of asserting control over the armed forces is to professionalize them. This is in contrast to subjective control, which involves placing.
Samuel P. Huntington is a political scientist who in wrote an article entitled The Clash of Civilizations in which he discussed his thesis about the order of the world after the conclusion of the Cold War.