ELLs often have problems learning science, math, or social studies concepts, for example, because they cannot comprehend the textbooks for these subjects. ELLs at all levels of English proficiency and literacy development will benefit from improved comprehension skills, which allow them to: This article focuses on strategies that are part of three main approaches:
Pin Do you know how to learn? They are techniques that help people become more successful learners. Improved metacognition can facilitate both formal and informal learning. It can improve the performance of new tasks on the job and help teams problem solve more effectively.
Here are some things learning professionals should know about metacognition. Metacognition is a regulatory system that helps a person understand and control his or her own cognitive performance.
Metacognition allows people to take charge of their own learning. It involves awareness of how they learn, an evaluation of their learning needs, generating strategies to meet these needs and then implementing the strategies.
Hacker, Learners often show an increase in self-confidence when they build metacognitive skills. Self-efficacy improves motivation as well as learning success.
Metacognitive skills are generally learned during a later stage of development. Metacognitive strategies can often but not always be stated by the individual who is using them.
For all age groups, metacognitive knowledge is crucial for efficient independent learning because it fosters forethought and self-reflection. The Two Processes of Metacognition Many theorists organize the skills of metacognition into two complementary processes that make it easier to understand and remember.
According to theory, metacognition consists of: Knowledge of cognition has three components: Regulation of cognition involves: Metacognition and Expertise Many experts cannot explain the skills they use to elicit expert performance.
This is considered tacit knowledge. See Strategies for Tacit Knowledge Transfer. Metacognitive strategies often separate an expert from a novice. Some adults with expertise in one domain can transfer their metacognitive skills to learn more rapidly in another domain. On the other hand, some adults do not spontaneously transfer metacognitive skills to new settings and thus, will need help doing so.
Examples of Metacognition Skills You May Use Successful learners typically use metacognitive strategies whenever they learn.
But they may fail to use the best strategy for each type of learning situation.
Here are some metacognitive strategies that will sound familiar to you: Knowing the limits of your own memory for a particular task and creating a means of external support.
Noticing whether you comprehend something you just read and then modifying your approach if you did not comprehend it. Choosing to skim subheadings of unimportant information to get to the information you need.
Repeatedly rehearsing a skill in order to gain proficiency. Periodically doing self-tests to see how well you learned something. Metacognitive Strategies Metacognitive strategies facilitate learning how to learn.However, the impressive policies and objectives encapsulated in the White Paper require appropriate support strategies to ensure that the outcomes of the envisaged policy are achieved in practice.
FY Massachusetts Policies for Effective Adult Education in Community Adult Learning Centers and Correctional Institutions (Revised August ). Educating Everybody's Children: Diverse Teaching Strategies for Diverse Learners, Revised and Expanded 2nd Edition.
Edited by Robert W.
Cole. Table of Contents. The New York State Education Department recognizes that technology is a powerful tool that provides opportunities to more efficiently and effectively personalize learning, including providing individualized support and resources, tailoring instruction and learning experiences to support individual learners’ strengths and needs, and promoting culturally- and linguistically- responsive.
Getting Started. As a former elementary teacher in a bilingual school, I developed a love and passion for finding effective ways to support oral language and oral reading development of emerging English language learners (ELLs). grupobittia.com: Teaching Gifted Kids in the Regular Classroom: Strategies and Techniques Every Teacher Can Use to Meet the Academic Needs of the Gifted and Talented (Revised and Updated Edition) (): Sylvia B.
Rimm, Susan Winebrenner: Books.