The nature vs nurture debate in psychology regarding sexual orientation

Nature versus nurture Although the formation of gender identity is not completely understood, many factors have been suggested as influencing its development. In particular, the extent to which it is determined by socialization environmental factors versus innate biological factors is an ongoing debate in psychology, known as "nature versus nurture". Both factors are thought to play a role. Biological factors that influence gender identity include pre- and post-natal hormone levels.

The nature vs nurture debate in psychology regarding sexual orientation

Success of positive psychology Popular press: See the annotated bibliography A dedicated journal: See the annotated bibliography section C2 Handbooks: Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi Chao, ; Chovan. Understanding well-being and optimal functioning: Psychological Inquiry, 22 Replies: Clearly, that is the mark of a powerful, or at least powerfully compelling, idea.

There is an enormous flood of 'aftermarket' positive psychology products out there, and more seem to be generated every month. Consumers can get their hands on 'positive' books, services, unlicensed life coaches, motivational CD programs, and even bracelets and rocks!

For example, in one of his first publications on his new venture he introduces a presidential task force on prevention that will ultimately sponsor a special issue on prevention for the American Psychologist edited by Csikszentmihalyi, "it will ask what psychology can do to nurture highly talented children [italics added]" Seligman, a, p.

In this column, Seligman then goes on to ask how we can prevent problems by promoting the competence of individuals. Much of the task of prevention will be to create a science of human strength whose mission will be to foster these virtues in young people" Seligman, a, p.

It can be the 'Manhattan project' of the social sciences, but it will require substantial resources. The positive social science of the 21st century will have as a useful side effect the possibility of prevention of the serious mental illnesses; for there are a set of human strengths that most likely buffer against mental courage, optimism, interpersonal skill, work ethic, hope, responsibility, future-mindedness, honesty and perseverance, to name several.

But it will have as its direct effect a scientific understanding of the practice of civic virtue and of the pursuit of the best things in life" Seligman, b, p.

The nature vs nurture debate in psychology regarding sexual orientation

The focus on highly talented children also disappears. Here is a progress report on the three first steps" Seligman, c, p. Which will be most fruitful for a taxonomy?

The DSMs categorize the mental disorders for the purpose of measurement and treatment. Is there an array of human strengths——the "sanities"—that are the opposite of the disorders?

Beyond those qualities provided by genetic inheritance, what would responsible parents most want to bestow on their children? To assess across time, culture and political systems how closely a people came to the good life, what set of question would we ask?

If we wanted to know, as we aged and accomplished or failed, how close we were to the good life, what would we ask ourselves? Rather than trying to agree on the elusive dimensions of tile good life, can we think instead of an array of paradigmatic "good lives," e.

Do our cultural and religious writings about self—actualization, about wisdom and about creating an art of life yield a taxonomy? We can show the world what actions lead to well-being, to positive individuals, to flourishing communities, and to a just society" Seligman,p.

For it is my belief that no medication or technique of therapy holds as much promise for serving as a buffer against mental illness as does human strength. But psychology's focus on the negative has left us knowing too little about the many instances of growth, mastery, drive, and character building that can develop out of painful life events" Seligman,p.

Interestingly, I don't see any further references to the work of this group. Fredrickson introduced the "Broaden and Build" theory in order to account for what positive emotions do.

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They broaden the breadth of thought—action repertoires and build enduring physical, intellectual and social resources Frederickson, Fredrickson advances a new theory describing the form and function of joy, interest, contentment, and love.

In her new approach, she rejects two former common assumptions about emotion: The first is the presumption that emotions must necessarily yield specific action tendencies". Some positive emotions seem instead to spark changes primarily in cognitive activity, with changes in physical activity if any following from these cognitive changes" Fredrickson,p.

Whereas negative emotions narrow a person's momentary thought—action repertoire, positive emotions broaden this repertoire. Thus, positive emotions "prompt individuals to discard time—tested or automatic everyday behavioral scripts and to pursue novel, creative, and often unscripted paths of thought and action" Fredrickson,p.Welcome to The All About Psychology Book of The Month page.

Only the best, fascinating and most compelling psychology books will be featured here. Nature vs. Nurture: A Gender Debate on Gender Differences Posted By Brandon Rodarte on January 28, Gender differences is an ongoing debate which contains arguments that gender differences are caused by different biological, or social differences.

Gender Identity: Nature vs.

Update: 2013-201

Nurture? with many thinking that a personal definition of it relates only to sexual orientation, which is not the case. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Discovering human sexuality through the years.

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Rod Dreher | The American Conservative

Review of Psychopathy. William D. Tillier; Calgary Alberta; Update: Under construction. and before. Table of contents.

2012 and before.

1). Synopsis of Psychopathy.

The nature vs nurture debate in psychology regarding sexual orientation

Women are more likely to cite affection as a reason for first intercourse and to have a relational view of sexual activity. Similar differences appear in sexual behavior.

Men masturbate more often, initiate sexual activity more frequently, and make more sacrifices to gain sex. 4. “Your [sic] a Rapist!!!” When in doubt, shout rape. This (in its various permutations) is easily the most common insult, a sad product of the Rape Tourette’s epidemic .

A Gender Debate on Gender Differences