The battle, which took place on April 9,is commonly highlighted as a turning point in Canadian history, where the four Canadian divisions fought together as a unified fighting force for the first time. To underscore the sacrifices made by Canada, which suffered 60, fatalities during the First World War, France granted Canada hectares of land at Vimy to build and maintain a memorial. The German position had successfully resisted earlier Allied attacks, and it was heavily defended.
Formal discussions for a spring offensive near Arras began following a conference of corps commanders held at British First Army Headquarters on 21 November The nature and size of the planned Canadian Corps assault necessitated support and resources beyond its normal operational capabilities.
Consequently, the British 5th Infantry Division and supplementary artillery, engineer and labour units reinforced the four Canadian divisions. This brought the nominal strength of the Canadian Corps to aboutmen, of whom 97, were Canadian.
Following extensive rehearsal, eight French divisions had assaulted German positions in two waves along a 9. Supported by exceedingly strong artillery, the French had recovered lost ground and inflicted heavy casualties on five German divisions.
The southern two divisions were to achieve two additional objectives: The initial wave would capture and consolidate the Black Line and then push forward to the Red Line. The barrage would pause, to enable reserve units to move up, and then move forward with the units pushing beyond the Red Line to the Blue Line.
Once the corps secured the Blue Line, advancing units would once again leapfrog established ones and capture the Brown Line. Conducted properly, the plan would leave the Germans forces little time to exit the security of their deep dugouts and defend their positions against the infantry advance.
Little reconstruction based upon the new defence-in-depth doctrine had been accomplished by April The German defensive strategy was to operate a front line defence of sufficient strength to defend against an initial assault and move operational reserves forward before the enemy could consolidate their gains or overrun remaining German positions.
As a result, the German defence at Vimy Ridge relied largely on machine guns, which acted as force multipliers for the defending infantry. Ina full-strength German rifle company consisted of men; at Vimy Ridge, each rifle company contained approximately men.
As a result, when the Canadian Corps attacked, each German company initially faced two or more battalions of approximately one thousand men each. The First Army Field Survey Company printed barrage maps for all batteries, produced artillery boards and provided counter-battery support with their flash spotting groups and sound ranging sections.
At the British First Army headquarters, a large-scale plasticine model of the Vimy sector was constructed and used to show commissioned and senior non-commissioned officers the topographical features of the battlefield and details of the German trench system.
As a result, pronounced underground warfare had been an active feature of the Vimy sector since Each group often contained several large craters all of which were the result of explosions caused by underground mine warfare. Twelve subways, up to 1. Often incorporated into subways were concealed light rail lines, hospitals, command posts, water reservoirs, ammunition stores, mortar and machine gun posts, and communication centres.
These specialized mine charges were designed to allow troops to move more quickly, and safely enter the German trench system by creating an elongated trench-depth crater that spanned the entire length of no man's land.
Trench raiding involved making small-scale surprise attacks on enemy positions, often in the middle of the night for reasons of stealth.The First World War, known as the Great War before and as World War One after , lasted from August to the final Armistice with Germany on November 11, During the war, it was referred to as the war to end all wars.
Some question the appropriateness of the term “world war” because it was largely a European, North African, and Middle Eastern war. What made the battle of Vimy Ridge a success? There were all four Canadian divisions fighting (approx. , soldiers) and they were lead by General Currie.
By this time Canadians were know for. The Battle of Vimy RidgeAn illustrated feature about the enduring legacy of the hard-fought Battle of Vimy Ridge from Veterans Affairs Canada. The Battle of Vimy Ridge, April A brief overview of the military tactics that helped Canadian infantry win the Battle of Vimy Ridge.
General Arthur Currie, first Canadian to become a general, lead Vimy ridge. He advised the unification of all Canadian troops a Vimy Ridge to represent Canadian nationalism and unity.
For example, this enhanced and improved Canadian contribution in war effort symbolizing Canadian power and nationalism on the international scene. Governor General's Foot Guard Collar Badge Pair Both 6 point Star design in bright brass metal, one has lug fasteners and marked P.W.
ELLIS & CO/ on back and other has one lug removed with solder remaining where someone has attempted to reattach and . Sir Arthur William Currie received numerous awards in and after the Battle of Vimy Ridge he succeeded Sir Julien Byng as General Officer Commanding the Canadian Corps9.