Western usage[ edit ] It is commonly employed by a person of high office, such as a monarch, earl, or pope. It is also used in certain formal contexts by bishops and university rectors.
Questions You Asked This issue is devoted to questions that you have asked. As a classroom teacher, I find that if one student has a question, the chances are pretty good that other students have the same question.
Perhaps some of the questions and answers here will help you. Making Plurals with Apostrophes The first one I probably get more frequently than any other question. I certainly observe the misuse or misunderstanding of this one more than any other. The question is asked a number of different ways, so I will ask it in the most direct way that I know how: When are apostrophes used to make words plural?
The simple answer is this: Apostrophes are normally used for two reasons: Adding an s without an apostrophe normally means one of two things: The Only Times this Happens The only time when adding apostrophe s to make something plural is when you are working with numbers written as numbers or with words, letters, numbers, or symbols as themselves.
In most standard writing this would be written out in words: You use the apostrophe to separate the number from the letter to show the letter is not part of the number. The second case would look something like this: In this case as well, the apostrophe shows that the s is not part of the root.
Please note that in the second case the word, letter, number, or symbol is always italicized or underlined. That shows us that we are referring to the word, letter, number, or symbol as themselves, not according to what they mean.
Making Plurals of Names If you want to make a name plural, it follows the same spelling rule as any other kind of noun. So we write that I live next door to the Smiths. No apostrophe--no letter is left out, the word is not possessive. We would also write that the Smiths live next to the Joneses.
Here -es is added to Jones because the singular word ends in an s, just like we make dresses from dress. Smith with an apostrophe s is possessive, just like any other noun.
We could say I am Mr. That is the normal rule for making possessives. There is nothing different about it because it is a name. If Smith is plural and possessive, we would follow the same pattern that we use for any other nouns: If the name ends with an s, the same possessive and plural rules apply to the name as to any other noun.
So we say Mr. Be consistent, whichever way you choose. If Jones is plural, add an apostrophe after the plural form, since we never pronounce a word "Joneseses. The only practice that is different is with numbers or with italicized or underlined words, letters, numbers, or symbols that name themselves.Plural last names.
Making a last name plural should never involve an apostrophe. The members of the Johnson and Smith families, for instance, are the Johnsons and the . Noun definition, any member of a class of words that can function as the main or only elements of subjects of verbs (A dog just barked), or of objects of verbs or prepositions (to send money from home), and that in English can take plural forms and possessive endings (Three of his buddies want to borrow John's laptop).
Nouns are often described as referring to persons, places, things, states. So we go to visit the Smiths, the Kennedys, the Grays, grupobittia.com a family name ends in s, x, ch, sh, or z, however, we form the plural by added -es, as in the Marches, the Joneses, the .
If Jones is plural, add an apostrophe after the plural form, since we never pronounce a word "Joneseses." We would write Mr. Smith is the Joneses' neighbor. The only practice that is different is with numbers or with italicized or underlined words, letters, numbers, or symbols that name themselves.
Apr 06, · And another foreign wrinkle on pluralizing and possessive-izing foreign names: Chicago would also pluralize a -z name like Velazquez as “Velazquez” (with possessive “Velazquez’”), which accords with the judgment of various Spanish grammars. 1 I suppose this is because Spanish-speakers pronounce -ez as /ayss/, which sounds just like their plural.
The royal we, or majestic plural (pluralis maiestatis), is the use of a plural pronoun (or corresponding plural-inflected verb forms) to refer to a single person who is a grupobittia.com more general word for the use of a we, us, or our to refer to oneself is nosism..
Speakers employing the royal we refer to themselves using a grammatical number other than the singular (i.e., in plural or dual form).